Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov explore nutrition and health, food, vitamin

Nutrition in Medicine: Nutrition Education for Medical

Details: The Nutrition in Medicine (NIM) project at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (www.nutritioninmedicine.org) has a long history of curriculum development for medical schools.Since its inception, the mission of the NIM project has been to improve the nutrition knowledge and skill base for future physicians by creating and distributing the tools needed to …

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COVID-19: Role of Nutrition and Supplementation

Details: 3.1. COVID-19 and Nutrition. Numerous scientific studies show that adequate nutrition is required for all cells, including those of the immune system, to function at their best [].An “activated” immune system additionally enhances energy demands during the SARS-CoV-2 infection, with an increased basal metabolic rate.

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Nutrition labelling: purpose, scientific issues and

Details: Nutrition labels describe the nutrient content of a food and are intended to guide the consumer in food selection. The nutrition information provided must be selected on the basis of consistency with dietary recommendations. Selection of the specific …

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The Impact of Nutrition on the COVID-19 Pandemic and …

Details: Nutrition as a Strategy for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Therapy. The potential for food products, as functional foods or nutraceutical extracts from foods, to alleviate or modify COVID-19 transmission, morbidity or mortality is an especially attractive hypothesis when vaccines are not available.

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Focus: Nutrition and Food Science: Importance of …

Details: Nutrition transition, which includes a change from consumption of traditional to modern diets that feature high-energy density and low nutrient diversity, is associated with acquired metabolic syndromes. The human diet is comprised of diverse components

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Nutrition and Cardiovascular Health

Details: Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease that contributes to major incidence and mortality of CVD. Oxidative stress and systemic inflammation are modifiable by nutrition [10,11,12,13], with an excess energy intake and physical inactivity as contributors of pro-inflammatory cytokines’ secretion [].Inflammatory processes involve the sub-endothelial area …

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Personalized Nutrition and -Omics

Details: Nutrition base disease is a condition that causes illness in humans. There may be excess or deficiencies of nutrients in diet which may lead to eating disorders, obesity and chronic diseases like cardiovascular disease, hypertension, cancer, and diabetes mellitus.

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Genetics and Nutrition

Details: A key question of significance to nutrition is the extent of variation for a given gene product. Small variation can often be disregarded when making recommendations on nutrition, whereas wide variation cannot be ignored. The number of people affected by the variation is also important for policy setting.

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Adult height, nutrition, and population health

Details: Nutrition is the most important external factor affecting linear growth. 72 Growth retardation is often a response to a limited supply of nutrition at the cellular level, whereby maintenance of basic metabolic functions takes precedence and resources are diverted from growth. 42 Critically, different nutritional components received during both

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Analysis, Nutrition, and Health Benefits of Tryptophan

Details: Introduction. A total of 20 naturally occurring amino acids play a fundamental role in animal and human nutrition and health. 1 Tryptophan is an essential amino acid required for normal growth and it serves as an in vivo precursor for several bioactive compounds including nicotinamide (vitamin B 6), serotonin, melatonin, tryptamine, kynurenine, 3-hydroxykynurenine, …

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Community Health and Nutrition Programs

Details: Rapid improvements in health and nutrition in developing countries may be ascribed to specific, deliberate, health- and nutrition-related interventions and to changes in the underlying social, economic, and health environments. This chapter is concerned with the contribution of specific interventions, while recognizing that improved living standards in the long run provide the …

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Nutrition and Wound Healing: An Overview Focusing on the

Details: Moreover, since nutrition and nutrients in general might affect the wound healing process, nutritional assessment of patients at risk of non-healing wounds could be the first step towards prevention and treatment. However, further research is recommended to develop appropriate nutritional approaches for wound management.

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Sport nutrition for young athletes

Details: Nutrition is an important part of sport performance for young athletes, in addition to allowing for optimal growth and development. Macronutrients, micronutrients and fluids in the proper amounts are essential to provide energy for growth and activity.

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Personalized nutrition and obesity

Details: Introduction. Obesity is one of the major nutrition-related disorders, and its rapid rise in the United States and many other countries has been paralleled with a dramatic shift from traditional, more nutritionally dense dietary patterns toward more energy-rich, unhealthy patterns (1,2).The importance of nutrition in prevention and treatment of obesity has gained much attention from …

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Nutrition and behavioral health disorders: depression and

Details: Suboptimal nutrition has been implicated in the underlying pathology of behavioral health disorders and may impede treatment and recovery. Thus, optimizing nutritional status should be a treatment for these disorders and is likely important for prevention.

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Nutrition guidelines for critically ill adults admitted

Details: High nutrition risk: Commence PN as early as possible Low nutrition risk: may delay PN for 5–7 days: Standard high protein (≥20% protein) polymeric isosmotic EN in acute phase: 24–36 h of ICU admission (or within 12 h of intubation) Low dose EN (hypocaloric or trophic), advancing to full dose EN over the first week: Do not routinely

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Science and Politics of Nutrition: History of modern

Details: Like nutrition science, policy needs to move from simplistic reductionist strategies to multifaceted approaches. Nutrition policy to reduce non-communicable diseases has so far generally relied on consumer knowledge—simply inform the public through education, dietary guidelines, product nutrition labels, etc, and people will make better choices.

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Nutrition and Eye Health

Details: Diet is a key lifestyle factor that can have long-term effects on ocular health. This Special Issue of Nutrients entitled ‘Nutrition and Eye Health’ contains 12 articles, including reviews and primary research studies, that report on a diverse range of topics relating to the role of nutrition in maintaining eye health, and the potential use of nutritional interventions for …

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Processed foods: contributions to nutrition

Details: Nutrition researchers have identified many beneficial bioactive compounds to promote health, reduce disease risk, and treat existing conditions. Providing the means to deliver these compounds effectively to the body through food will require novel approaches. For example, the ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids in the Western diet is too

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Nutrition, immunity and COVID-19

Details: Nutrition should be at the forefront of these approaches. The immune system. Introductory comments . The immune system becomes vital once an individual is exposed to an infectious agent. However, the nature of infectious agents varies and so different approaches are required by the immune system to deal with different types of infectious agent

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Nutrition in Middle Childhood and Adolescence

Details: Importance of Nutrition in Adolescence. Adolescence is a time of transition when habits are formed that persist into adult life. Good habits, such as exercise and a healthy diet, are likely to bring many benefits, including improved performance in school (Doku and others 2013).Nutritional habits are important, with high intake of processed, energy-dense foods, high BMI, and iron …

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Nutrition and feeding of dairy cattle

Details: In dairy cattle, mineral nutrition is essential for the success of the lactation. Because of the large amount of milk that cows produce at parturition, there is a large draw on Ca. Often this situation will put the cow into a hypocalcemic state, commonly known as milk fever or parturient paresis.

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Nutrition and Acute Pancreatitis

Details: 2. How to Provide Nutrition: Enteral versus Parenteral. Traditional principles in the initial management of AP included “bowel rest” to limit the stimulation of exocrine pancreatic secretions [9,10].Although this may seem preferable in theory, more recent evidence on the gut microbiome and the importance of maintaining the gut–mucosal barrier through enteral …

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How Nutrition can help to fight against COVID-19 Pandemic

Details: More than 2,500 years ago, Hippocrates said: “Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food.”Both nutrient intake and incidence of the disease usually influence the nutritional status particularly of developing nations, where everyone is striving for food.1 Inadequate diet and infectious diseases can lead to severe malnutrition. Currently, the COVID-19 pandemic is the …

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Amino acids: metabolism, functions, and nutrition

Details: 1 Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Nutrition, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843, USA. [email protected] PMID: 19301095 DOI: 10.1007/s00726-009-0269-0

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The Nutrition-COVID-19 Interplay: a Review

Details: Nutrition interventions through nutrition support, dietary supplementation, and home remedies such as use of zinc, selenium, vitamin D, and omega-3 fatty acids showed the most significant promise to mitigate the course of COVID-19 infection and improve survival rates. The nutrition-COVID-19 relationship and related dietary changes mimic a

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Food and mood: how do diet and nutrition affect mental

Details: In addition, relationships between nutrition and longstanding mental illness are compounded by barriers to maintaining a healthy diet. These barriers disproportionality affect people with mental illness and include the financial and environmental determinants of health, and even the appetite inducing effects of psychiatric medications. 4

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Understanding the Role of Nutrition in the Brain

Details: Nutrition is an environmental factor as it represents access to resources from the environment (i.e., food and water), but in contrast to other environmental resources like medical care, education or experiences, nutrition can directly modify gene structure and mediate the expression of genetic factors by providing the specific molecules that

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Nutrition Recommendations in Pregnancy and Lactation

Details: Nutrition counseling is a cornerstone of prenatal care for all women during pregnancy and it also extends to lactation. Clinicians should be aware of the physiological adaptations that occur during pregnancy and lactation and how these changes influence the nutritional needs of pregnant and lactating women.

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Nanotechnology Research: Applications in Nutritional Sciences

Details: Food, nutrition, and nanotechnology research: challenges and promises. Dr. Josef Kokini described the opportunities for nanotechnology applications to foods and agriculture, including nanomaterials in food packaging, food protein-based nanotubes to bind vitamins or enzymes, and rapid sampling of biological and chemical contaminants using nanocantilevers as detection …

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Children’s Eating Behavior: The Importance of Nutrition

Details: School nutrition services provide access to a variety of nutritious foods that promote students’ health and their capacity to attend to academic tasks. 1 About 94% of schools in the United States, both private and public, participate in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP). Schools are therefore uniquely positioned to promote healthy eating behaviors and attitudes toward …

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The role of nutrition in children's neurocognitive

Details: The Effect of nutrition during early life on the epigenetic regulation of transcription and implications for human diseases. J. Nutrigenet. Nutrigenomics 4, 248–260 10.1159/000334857 [Google Scholar] Lillycrop K. A., Burdge G. C. (2012). Epigenetic mechanisms linking early nutrition to long term health. Best Pract. Res. Clin.

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Nutrition, Epigenetics, and Diseases

Details: Early nutrition and onset of metabolic phenotype in adult. The three main insights of a number of studies from the Dutch and Norrbotten's cohorts are: 1) there may be critical developmental time windows where overnutrition or undernutrition may promote or impede disease development; 2) epigenetic factors can be modified by hunger exposure during these …

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Nutrition support in the time of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19)

Details: Nutrition is a key determinant of health .More importantly, nutrition is part of the treatment regimen for acute and chronic diseases and applies particularly to ailments for which an etiologic treatment has not yet been discovered and validated.

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Nutritional Concerns of Women in the Preconceptional

Details: This chapter reviews key aspects of maternal nutrition in three periods—before conception, during pregnancy, and after delivery—and identifies health conditions that call for special nutrition services during those periods. Because breastfeeding increases the need for postpartum nutrition services, breastfeeding women are distinguished from non-breastfeeding …

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Diet and Skin Aging—From the Perspective of Food Nutrition

Details: Nutrition is closely associated with skin health and is required for all biological processes of skin from youth to aging or disease. Nutrition levels and eating habits can repair damaged skin and can also cause damage to the skin. In recent years, a number of people have closely linked health-nutrition-eating habits and skin health, besides

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Evidence-based recommendations for natural bodybuilding

Details: The popularity of natural bodybuilding is increasing; however, evidence-based recommendations for it are lacking. This paper reviewed the scientific literature relevant to competition preparation on nutrition and supplementation, resulting in the following recommendations.

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Nutrition: basis for healthy children and mothers in

Details: The recent baseline survey by the National Nutrition Programme (NNP) showed high rates of stunting, underweight, and wasting. However, data from the nutrition surveillance at the ICDDR,B hospital showed that the proportion of children with stunting, underweight, and wasting has actually reduced during 1984-2005.

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COVID-19: repositioning nutrition research for the next

Details: However, proper nutrition and nutrition support can help by improving immune responses and aid inflammatory processes. The COVID-19 pandemic provides nutrition researchers and educators new opportunities to inform the public, particularly those in high-risk groups, about the potential life-saving benefits of good nutrition and healthy eating

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The Effects of Nutrition on the Gastrointestinal

Details: Nutrition has the potential to both affect the disease condition directly through provision of substances like macro- and micronutrients, as well as indirectly by changing the microbiome, while the microbiome in turn influences the response to nutrition (Suez and Elinav, 2017). Here, we consider current evidence for the role of nutrition in

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Practice Guidelines for Nutrition in Critically Ill

Details: Nutrition assessment is detailed evaluation of nutrition status of the patient. Thus, subset of patients at high nutrition risk is identified by nutrition screening, whereas their nutrition status is evaluated in detail through nutrition assessment process. Complete nutritional history is the first step in nutritional risk assessment.

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Nutrition and metabolism in burn patients

Details: Timing of nutritional support. Time to treatment, including time to nutrition, is an important factor for patient outcome after severe burn. Substantial intestinal mucosal damage and increased bacterial translocation occur after burn and result in decreased absorption of nutrients [].Because of this, nutritional support should ideally be initiated within 24 h of injury via an …

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Role of pharmacists in providing parenteral nutrition

Details: Parenteral nutrition (PN) therapy is a complex and critical therapy that requires special clinical knowledge, skills, and practice experience to avoid errors in prescribing, compounding, and clinical management of patients. Pharmacists with adequate clinical

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Nutrition trends in Japan

Details: The National Nutrition Survey (NNS) in Japan has been undertaken annually since 1946. It was originally intended to provide information on the food and nutrient intake of the Japanese people, with a view to acquiring emergency food supplies from other countries when food shortages caused malnutrition in many Japanese.

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Science and Politics of Nutrition: Role of the gut

Details: Personalised nutrition and future directions Given the variation in the gut microbiota between people, the optimal diet of a person may need to be tailored to their gut microbiota. Zeevi et al. 94 obtained a multidimensional microbiota profile in 900 people and monitored food intake, continuous blood glucose levels, and physical activity for

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Uric Acid and Plant-Based Nutrition

Details: 1. Introduction. Plant-based diets (PBDs) are associated with a decreased risk for morbidity and mortality due to most chronic noncommunicable diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, certain types of cancer, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes and obesity [1,2,3,4,5,6,7].In interventional studies, PBDs were successfully used to prevent and treat …

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Nutrition in adolescents: physiology, metabolism, and

Details: Nutrition and the adolescent transition are closely intertwined, since eating patterns and behaviors are influenced by many factors, including peer influences, parental modeling, food availability, food preferences, cost, convenience, personal …

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